Roses: Types and Varieties, Growing Bushes
When describing any kind of roses, the epithet “beautiful” is almost always used and they necessarily call this plant the “queen of flowers.”
There is not a drop of exaggeration in this.
All types and varieties of roses are truly beautiful, and the species bushes, which are often called rose hips, are easy to care for, frost-resistant, unpretentious and can put up with unsuitable growing conditions for a long time.
Types and Varieties of Roses: Photo and Description
On this page, you can find photos and names of popular types of roses, as well as a description of these plants.
Prickly rose (R. spinosissima). Another name is the femoral rose (I. pimpinellifolia). Highly prickly shrub up to 2 m tall. The leaves are green in summer and dark purple in autumn. The flowers are white or yellowish, up to 5 cm in diameter. Blossoms in May-June, 2 weeks. Fruits are spherical, almost black, up to 1.5 cm, ripen in August. Fruits in 5 years. In the middle zone of Russia, a semi-double form with creamy semi-double flowers is common.
Wrinkled rose (R. rugosa). A compact bush with a height of 1-2.5 m, rarely 3 m, with grayish-brown branches and greenish-gray shoots. Shoots and branches are densely covered with thorns, especially at the base. The leaves are large, wrinkled. Decorative already in 5-7 years. The flowers are single or in inflorescences, large (up to 13 cm in diameter), various shades of pink. Blossoms in June-July, 25 days, plentifully. The fruits are very large – 3-5 cm, roundish or flattened-spherical, bright red, glabrous, with juicy flesh.
Rose gray (R. glauca). Another name is a red-leafed rose. Bush. The height and diameter of the crown are up to 3 m. The crown is loose, the branches are arched. Leaves 12-14 cm long, blue-green, with a reddish tinge. It blooms in June-July for two weeks. Flowers from bluish-red to purplish-red, up to 3 cm in diameter. The fruits are dark red, rounded, up to 1.5 cm in diameter, ripen in September.
Dog rose (R. canina). Loose shrub 2-3 m high. Shoots are greenish or red-brown, curved arcuate. Single flowers. Fruits (in the inset) or in shields, large – up to 8 cm in diameter, pale pink. It blooms in May and June, two weeks. Fruits are oval or ovoid, red, smooth. Frost-resistant, unpretentious.
How to Care for Roses: Features of Growing
Features landing. When growing all types of mouths, remember that these are light-loving plants, prefer fertile, humus-rich soils and respond well to fertilizer application. However, they are quite easily adaptable to various conditions. The planting site is chosen open, the bushes are planted compactly, in one place, the distance between plants is 60-120 cm. Pits 50x50x50 cm in size is prepared in the selected area.
When preparing the soil, you need to remember that one plant requires a bucket of hummus, 2 tablespoons of superphosphate and 1 tablespoon of potassium nitrate. All this is thoroughly mixed with the soil. For planting roses at the bottom of the pit, a conical tubercle is poured.
The roots of the plant are evenly spread across it, covered with prepared soil and compacted. How to care for roses immediately after planting? Each planted plant is watered with 2 buckets of water, and the soil is mulched with peat or humus.
Topdressing. Starting from the second year, roses are fed 2-3 times per season: in the spring and summer, Kemira Universal (1 matchbox per 10 liters of water), in the fall – 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water.
Pruning. In the first year before the leaves bloom, the main branches of the seedling are cut by 4-6 cm. In the third year of the bush’s life, real pruning is necessary.
First of all, weak, creeping along the ground or broken branches are cut, as well as all shoots that grow close to the ground.
All the growth that extends beyond the crown projection is also removed.
In the process of taking care of rose bushes, dried and damaged branches must be removed annually. One of the features of roses is the relatively short life span of the branches.
Therefore, annually sterilized branches older than 4-5 years must be removed so that they do not interfere with the development of the plant. A properly formed bush should have 10-20 stems.
Preparing for the winter. In winter, roses spud with the earth.