Japanese Garden: Main Trends
The Japanese garden is currently a fairly popular trend in the design of landscape designs. We suggest this material to learn about the main trends in the development of projects of Japanese gardens in household plots. Below you can see photos of Japanese gardens sold in Central Russia.
Japanese-Style Garden Design
It is believed that Japanese garden art is so unique that it is inaccessible to Europeans, so only Japanese masters can create a real Japanese-style garden and only in Japan. It is unlikely that such a categorical statement is true. Japanese-style garden design has the right to life on Russian soil, especially if the owners of the garden are creative people with a developed artistic taste. Most often, the Japanese theme in the modern Russian garden serves as a source of inspiration, adapting to the interests and practical needs of the modern family.
Japanese gardens are not like the ones that many of us are used to. There are no flower beds, flower beds, direct paths. Stones and gravel, dwarf plants, fancy streams, and waterfalls come first. These gardens are special, mysterious, they affect a person with beauty and perfection of forms, nuances of green color, laconicism of artistic techniques.
The essence of the Japanese garden is the harmony of the three elements – stone, water, and plants. The structure of the Japanese garden is set by stones, the art of their arrangement is extremely important in creating the landscape. Stones and boulders are located asymmetrically, as is the case in nature. Over time, they become overgrown with moss, which makes them even more natural.
In Japanese gardens there are few plants, they may not exist at all, stones, pebbles and gravel are their main characters. Japanese wisdom says: “There may be a garden without flowers, but there cannot be a garden without stones.” Each stone is selected in shape, texture, color, installed on the surface or partially buried in the ground, sometimes obliquely, at an angle to the surface of the earth, organically fit into the landscape.
Elements of the Japanese Garden
All elements of the Japanese garden should be designed in the same style. Curves of the paths lengthen the path through the garden and create the effect of diverse space. The dimensions of the flat stones set the rhythm of steps, designed for a leisurely walk. The stones are laid flat side up so that their long axis is perpendicular to the direction of the path, the uneven side is buried in the ground.
Original Japanese stone compositions are traditional for Japanese gardens.
Water, a symbol of vital energy, sets the character and mood of the garden. One of the most beloved Japanese creations of nature is a waterfall. Most often he is arranged away from home, but so that his noise can be heard. Waterfalls into a pond, reflecting the sky and plants on the shore. The banks of water bodies are always picturesque. The device of the waterfall is not only an aesthetic problem, but a rather complicated engineering task, here it is necessary not only to lay the stones correctly but also to think over the water and electricity supply system, correctly calculate the height of the waterfall, the strength of the stream and the sound of falling water.
Dry Creek is an original alternative to living water. Stones and gravel are laid in such a way as to create the illusion of flowing water, and dwarf plants are planted along the “banks”, mainly conifers: thuja, juniper, spruce, mountain pine, and also spindle trees.
Further, Japanese-style landscaping is used, which is used in the design of a certain territory.
Elements of the garden:
- parking place.
- juniper from the forest.
- retaining wall.
- composition “Walk”.
- a hedge of yellow privet.
- dry stream.
- wall pergola entwined with girl’s grapes.
- technical part.
Considerable importance in Japanese gardens is given to decorative elements: stone lanterns, Tsukuba bowls, pagodas, bridges. And in this garden there are typically Japanese elements – this is a pagoda, which includes an odd number of fragments, in this case, it is three-tiered, and a turtle island. The tortoise is a character from an old Chinese fairy tale; it symbolizes wealth in China and Japan. A flat, almost square stone is selected for the tortoiseshell. Her head needs a square, slightly sloping stone.
Well, if you get into it, then picking up stones for four legs and a tail is easy.
The owner of the garden did not want to create a completely Japanese garden, it is rather a minimalist garden for Japanese reasons.
Not far from the entrance is the original composition “Walk”.
The site initially had a large slope, the best solution, in this case, is to make terraces. The garden is divided vertically into three levels, but the difference between the second and third levels is small. On the first level, next to the house, a gazebo is built, girl’s grapes twist it almost entirely. A wall pergola adjoins the house.
On the second terrace, there is a lawn, its area is almost 6 acres. And although there is no lawn in an authentic Japanese garden, in the modern version it is quite possible.
In the far left corner of the garden is a nice technical building – it has a well, a boiler, and a hydraulic booster. These devices, necessary for the life of the garden, are hidden from prying eyes and do not spoil the landscape. In the center is a waterfall with a pond. In the far right corner of the bacon, there is a beautiful bathhouse, where the owners come to bathe in the winter. This is the lowest part of the garden.
Japanese-Style Garden Decoration
Making a Japanese-style garden requires the use of certain groups of plants. In the Japanese garden, green dominates, so the emphasis is on the diverse texture of leaves and needles and on color nuances – all shades of green. The main plantings are evergreens, in our climate, these are conifers and shrubs. The most favorite plant is a pine, symbolizing longevity, from flowering trees, plum is preferred, and from shrubs to rhododendron. In the composition, darker plants are placed in the background, and light ones in the foreground, this creates a feeling of the depth of the garden.
Some designers advise planting in Japanese gardens only those plants that are native to Japan. In any garden, you should not plant plants that are uncomfortable in this climate, many Japanese plants are cold, a diseased plant cannot be beautiful. Plants are selected based on the desired overall appearance, habit, color and texture of the leaves. It is hardly worth venturing with sakura in the Moscow Region. Try yoga – a beautiful spring flowering, although not as luxurious as sakura, blackberries, the charming autumn color of leaves. Conifers bring a sense of eternity and tranquility to the garden, create certain clear forms.
The Japanese are great masters of pinching and trimming, and the gardener of the Moscow region should learn the art of garden cutting. Garden – a living organism that grows and changes, the ability to cut and shape plants will help you maintain garden beauty for many years. By the way, many conifers here are taken from the forest – pine, spruce, juniper.
Almost all of them took root, as some rules were observed: when transplanting, it is important to observe the orientation of the plant to the cardinal points; the planting pit must be covered with the same soil in which the plant grew.
Blooming summers and perennials are almost absent. Bright spots in the garden, if any, are few, seasonal and short-lived – flowering bushes of peonies and Siberian irises, rhododendrons in bloom, the autumn color of maples, spring-flowering of trees and shrubs. Mowing and pinching allow you to keep the composition unchanged, and periods of flowering, fruit formation and leaf fall bring the rhythm into the life of the garden.
Japanese gardens fascinate many. To reduce them to exoticism and limit themselves to the installation of pagodas and stone lanterns is too primitive. The Japanese garden is, first of all, philosophy and outlook, but Japanese gardening traditions and techniques will certainly serve as a source of inspiration to more than one gardener.